WASHINGTON: Every year $1 trillion is paid in bribes while an estimated $2.6 trillion are stolen annually through corruption, the United Nations warned on Sunday as the world observed international anti-corruption day.
The UN said that more than five per cent of the global GDP is siphoned off every year. In developing countries, funds lost to corruption are estimated at 10 times the amount of official development assistance, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) added.
The UN urged member states to further strengthen their resolve to fight corruption because it’s “a serious crime that can undermine social and economic development in all societies. No country, region or community is immune.”
Transparency International (TI) endorsed the UN message with a warning that corruption impacts the poorest and the most vulnerable in society are hit the hardest. “It is ordinary citizens who suffer the most when the corrupt steal funds intended for public services like infrastructure, healthcare and education, or take back-handers to award lucrative contracts to their cronies.”
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Another TI survey showed that the majority of people around the world do not think governments are doing well fighting corruption, only 30 per cent of the people surveyed said their government was doing well.
TI’s latest worldwide corruption survey, the Global Corruption Barometer, showed that most people firmly believe in their own power to combat corruption. Latin American and the Caribbean lead the pack in this regard, with 70 per cent of citizens across the region saying that ordinary people can make a difference.
But TI also focuses on “the good news”, pointing out that more than half the people around the world — particularly young people — agreed that citizens could make a difference. “Fifty-eight per cent of people aged 24 and under said
they feel empowered to make a difference. Fifty per cent of those aged 55 also agreed.”
But TI also warned that governments around the world had were now making it harder for people to engage. Journalists and activist groups faced mounting pressure from governments. Attacks on journalists are on the rise in many parts of the world. “Such crackdowns … add to an environment in which corrupt public officials, shady businesses and organised criminals are able to act with impunity.”